American Literature – Student Outcomes

Plan
The Course at a Glance provides
a useful visual organization
of the AP English Literature
and Composition curricular
components, including:
§ Sequence of units, along with
suggested pacing. Please
note that pacing is based
on 45-minute class periods,
meeting five days each week,
for a full academic year.
§ Progression of skills within
each unit.
§ Spiraling of the big ideas and
skills across units.
Teach
SKILL CATEGORIES
Skill categories spiral across units.
1 Explain the
function of
character.
2 Explain the
function of setting.
3 Explain the
function of plot
and structure.
4 Explain the
function of the
narrator or speaker.
5 Explain the
function of word
choice, imagery,
and symbols.
6 Explain the
function of
comparison.
7 Develop textually
substantiated
arguments about
interpretations of
part or all of a text.
BIG IDEAS
Big ideas spiral across units.
CHR Character
SET Setting
STR Structure
NAR Narration
FIG Figurative
Language
LAN Literary
Argumentation
Assess
Assign the Personal Progress
Checks—either as homework or in
class—for each unit. Each Personal
Progress Check contains formative
multiple-choice and free-response
questions. The feedback from the
Personal Progress Checks shows
students the areas where they need
to focus.
NOTE: Partial versions of the free-response
questions are provided to prepare students
for more complex, full questions that they
will encounter on the AP Exam.
UNIT
1 Short Fiction I
~10 Class Periods
CHR
1
1.A Identify and describe what
specific textual details
reveal about a character, that
character’s perspective, and
that character’s motives.
SET
2
2.A Identify and describe specific
textual details that convey or
reveal a setting.
STR
3
3.A Identify and describe
how plot orders events in
a narrative.
STR
3
3.B Explain the function of a
particular sequence of events
in a plot.
NAR
4
4.A Identify and describe the
narrator or speaker of a text.
NAR
4
4.B Identify and explain the
function of point of view in
a narrative.
LAN
7
7.A Develop a paragraph that
includes 1) a claim that
requires defense with
evidence from the text and
2) the evidence itself.
Personal Progress Check 1
ONLINE ONLY
Multiple-choice: ~20 questions
ONLINE OR PAPER
Free-response: 2 passages with
shorter task
§ Contemporary Prose: short story
excerpt or microfiction (partial)
UNIT
2 Poetry I
~10 Class Periods
CHR
1
1.A Identify and describe what
specific textual details
reveal about a character, that
character’s perspective, and
that character’s motives.
STR
3
3.C Explain the function of
structure in a text.
STR
3
3.D Explain the function of
contrasts within a text.
FIG
5
5.B Explain the function of
specific words and phrases
in a text.
FIG
6
6.A Identify and explain the
function of a simile.
FIG
6
6.B Identify and explain the
function of a metaphor.
LAN
7
7.A Develop a paragraph that
includes 1) a claim that
requires defense with
evidence from the text and
2) the evidence itself.

 

1.A Identify and describe what
specific textual details
reveal about a character, that
character’s perspective, and
that character’s motives.
CHR
1
1 .B Explain the function of
a character changing or
remaining unchanged.
SET
2
2.A Identify and describe specific
textual details that convey or
reveal a setting.
STR
3
3.E Explain the function of a
significant event or related set
of significant events in a plot.
STR
3
3.F Explain the function of
conflict in a text.
LAN
7
7.A Develop a paragraph that
includes 1) a claim that
requires defense with
evidence from the text and
2) the evidence itself.
LAN
7
7.B Develop a thesis statement
that conveys a defensible
claim about an interpretation
of literature and that may
establish a line of reasoning.
LAN
7
7.C Develop commentary that
establishes and explains
relationships among
textual evidence, the line of
reasoning, and the thesis.
LAN
7
7.D Select and use relevant and
sufficient evidence to both
develop and support a line
of reasoning.
LAN
7
7.E Demonstrate control over the
elements of composition to
communicate clearly.
Personal Progress Check 3
ONLINE ONLY
Multiple-choice: ~20 questions
ONLINE OR PAPER
Free-response: 2 questions
§ 20th-Century/Contemporary
Prose (partial)
§ Literary Argument
UNIT
4 Short Fiction II
~17 Class Periods
CHR
1
1.A Identify and describe what
specific textual details
reveal about a character, that
character’s perspective, and
that character’s motives.
CHR
1
1.C Explain the function of
contrasting characters.
CHR
1
1.D Describe how textual
details reveal nuances and
complexities in characters’
relationships with one another.
SET
2
2.B Explain the function of
setting in a narrative.
SET
2
2.C Describe the relationship
between a character and
a setting.
STR
3
3.A Identify and describe how plot
orders events in a narrative.
STR
3
3.D Explain the function of
contrasts within a text.
NAR
4
4.A Identify and describe the
narrator or speaker of a text.
NAR
4
4.B Identify and explain the
function of point of view in
a narrative.
NAR
4
4.C Identify and describe details,
diction, or syntax in a text
that reveal a narrator’s or
speaker’s perspective.
LAN
7
7.B Develop a thesis statement
that conveys a defensible
claim about an interpretation
of literature and that may
establish a line of reasoning.
LAN
7
7.C Develop commentary that
establishes and explains
relationships among
textual evidence, the line of
reasoning, and the thesis.
LAN
7
7.D Select and use relevant and
sufficient evidence to both
develop and support a line
of reasoning.
LAN
7
7.E Demonstrate control over the
elements of composition to
communicate clearly.
Personal Progress Check 4
ONLINE ONLY
Multiple-choice: ~30 questions
ONLINE OR PAPER
Free-response: 1 question
§ 20th-Century/Contemporary
Prose (partial)
UNIT
5 Poetry II
~17 Class Periods
STR
3
3.C Explain the function of
structure in a text.
FIG
5
5.A Distinguish between the
literal and figurative meanings
of words and phrases.
FIG
5
5.B Explain the function of
specific words and phrases in
a text.
FIG
5
5.D Identify and explain the
function of an image
or imagery.
FIG
6
6.B Identify and explain the
function of a metaphor.
FIG
6
6.C Identify and explain the
function of personification.
FIG
6
6.D Identify and explain the
function of an allusion.
LAN
7
7.B Develop a thesis statement
that conveys a defensible
claim about an interpretation
of literature and that may
establish a line of reasoning.
LAN
7
7.C Develop commentary that
establishes and explains
relationships among
textual evidence, the line of
reasoning, and the thesis.
LAN
7
7.D Select and use relevant and
sufficient evidence to both
develop and support a line
of reasoning.
LAN
7
7.E Demonstrate control over the
elements of composition to
communicate clearly.

 

Identify and describe what
specific textual details
reveal about a character, that
character’s perspective, and
that character’s motives.
CHR
1
1.C Explain the function of
contrasting characters.
CHR
1
1.E Explain how a character’s
own choices, actions, and
speech reveal complexities
in that character, and
explain the function of those
complexities.
STR
3
3.A Identify and describe how plot
orders events in a narrative.
STR
3
3.B Explain the function of a
particular sequence of events
in a plot.
STR
3
3.D Explain the function of
contrasts within a text.
NAR
4
4.C Identify and describe details,
diction, or syntax in a text
that reveal a narrator’s or
speaker’s perspective.
NAR
4
4.D Explain how a narrator’s
reliability affects a narrative.
FIG
5
5.C Identify and explain the
function of a symbol.
LAN
7
7.B Develop a thesis statement
that conveys a defensible
claim about an interpretation
of literature and that may
establish a line of reasoning.
LAN
7
7.C Develop commentary that
establishes and explains
relationships among
textual evidence, the line of
reasoning, and the thesis.
LAN
7
7.D Select and use relevant and
sufficient evidence to both
develop and support a line
of reasoning.
LAN
7
7.E Demonstrate control over the
elements of composition to
communicate clearly.
Personal Progress Check 6
ONLINE ONLY
Multiple-choice: ~25 questions
ONLINE OR PAPER
Free-response: 2 questions
§ Pre-20th-Century Prose
§ Literary Argument
UNIT
7 Short Fiction III
~17 Class Periods
CHR
1
1.B Explain the function of
a character changing or
remaining unchanged.
CHR
1
1.D Describe how textual
details reveal nuances and
complexities in characters’
relationships with one another.
SET
2
2.B Explain the function of
setting in a narrative.
SET
2
2.C Describe the relationship
between a character and
a setting.
STR
3
3.A Identify and describe how plot
orders events in a narrative.
STR
3
3.B Explain the function of a
particular sequence of events
in a plot.
NAR
4
4.D Explain how a narrator’s
reliability affects a narrative.
FIG
5
5.C Identify and explain the
function of a symbol.
FIG
5
5.D Identify and explain the
function of an image
or imagery.
FIG
6
6.A Identify and explain the
function of a simile.
FIG
6
6.C Identify and explain the
function of personification.
LAN
7
7.B Develop a thesis statement
that conveys a defensible
claim about an interpretation
of literature and that may
establish a line of reasoning.
LAN
7
7.C Develop commentary that
establishes and explains
relationships among
textual evidence, the line of
reasoning, and the thesis.
LAN
7
7.D Select and use relevant and
sufficient evidence to both
develop and support a line
of reasoning.
Personal Progress Check 7
ONLINE ONLY
Multiple-choice: ~35 questions
ONLINE OR PAPER
Free-response: 1 question
§ Contemporary Prose
UNIT
8 Poetry III
~17 Class Periods
STR
3
3.C Explain the function of
structure in a text.
STR
3
3.D Explain the function of
contrasts within a text.
FIG
5
5.B Explain the function of
specific words and phrases in
a text.
FIG
5
5.C Identify and explain the
function of a symbol.
FIG
6
6.B Identify and explain the
function of a metaphor.
FIG
6
6.D Identify and explain the
function of an allusion.
LAN
7
7.B Develop a thesis statement
that conveys a defensible
claim about an interpretation
of literature and that may
establish a line of reasoning.
LAN
7
7.C Develop commentary that
establishes and explains
relationships among
textual evidence, the line of
reasoning, and the thesis.
LAN
7
7.D Select and use relevant and
sufficient evidence to both
develop and support a line
of reasoning.
LAN
7
7.E Demonstrate control over the
elements of composition to
communicate clearly

 

1.B Explain the function of
a character changing or
remaining unchanged.
CHR1
1.E Explain how a character’s
own choices, actions, and
speech reveal complexities
in that character, and
explain the function of those
complexities.
STR3
3.E Explain the function of a
significant event or related set
of significant events in a plot.
STR3
3.F Explain the function of
conflict in a text.
NAR4
4.C Identify and describe details,
diction, or syntax in a text
that reveal a narrator’s or
speaker’s perspective.
LAN7
7.B Develop a thesis statement
that conveys a defensible
claim about an interpretation
of literature and that may
establish a line of reasoning.
LAN7
7.C Develop commentary that
establishes and explains
relationships among
textual evidence, the line of
reasoning, and the thesis.
LAN7
7.D Select and use relevant and
sufficient evidence to both
develop and support a line
of reasoning.

 

Course Objectives
Upon completion of this course, the student will be able to:
1. Identify key ideas, representative authors and works, significant historical or cultural
events, and characteristic perspectives or attitudes expressed in the literature of different
periods or regions.
2. Analyze literary works as expressions of individual or communal values within the
social, political, cultural, or religious contexts of different literary periods.
3. Demonstrate knowledge of the development of characteristic forms or styles of
expression during different historical periods in different regions.
4. Articulate the aesthetic principles that guide the scope and variety of works in the arts
and humanities.
5. Write research-based critical papers about the assigned readings in clear and
grammatically correct prose, using various critical approaches to literature.
Core Objectives
A. Critical Thinking: To include creative thinking, innovation, inquiry and analysis,
evaluation, and synthesis of information.
B. Communication: To include the effective development, interpretation, and expression of
ideas through written and visual communication.
C. Social Responsibility: To include intercultural competence, knowledge of civic
responsibility, and the ability to engage effectively in regional, national, and global
communities.
D. Personal Responsibility: To include the ability to connect choices, actions, and
consequences to ethical decision-making.

 

 

45–60% Knowledge of particular literary
works, including:
• Authors
• Characters
• Plots
• Settings
• Styles
• Themes
25–40% Ability to understand and interpret:
• Short poems
• Excerpts from long poems
• Excerpts from prose works
10–15% Knowledge of:
• The historical and social settings of specific works
• Relations between literary works
• Relations of specific works to literary traditions
• Influences on authors
5–10% Familiarity with:
• Critical terms
• Verse forms
• Literary devices
The subject matter of the American Literature examination
is drawn from the following chronological periods. The
percentages indicate the approximate percentage of exam
questions from each period.
• 15% The Colonial and Early National Period

(Beginnings–1830)
• 25% The Romantic Period (1830–1870)
• 20% The Period of Realism and Naturalism (1870–1910)
• 25% The Modernist Period (1910–1945)
• 15% The Contemporary Period (1945–Present)

 

 

https://apcentral.collegeboard.org/pdf/ap-english-literature-and-composition-frqs-1-2-3-scoring-rubrics.pdf